Getting started with laravel with Ubuntu 16.04

Laravel is a flexible and lightweight open source PHP framework with Model-View Controller (MVC) design pattern. Laravel makes application development very fast and you can make highly scalable application development using Laravel.

Before installing Laravel you need to install composer

Install composer
php -r "copy('', 'composer-setup.php');"  
php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '544e09ee996cdf60ece3804abc52599c22b1f40f4323403c44d44fdfdd586475ca9813a858088ffbc1f233e9b180f061') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"  
php composer-setup.php  
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"  

This will install it locally. Now move it to path folder

$mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer
Install Laravel

You can download Laravel using composer as below.

$ composer global require "laravel/installer=~1.1"
Changed current directory to /home/conquistador/.config/composer  
./composer.json has been created
Loading composer repositories with package information  
Updating dependencies (including require-dev)  
Package operations: 10 installs, 0 updates, 0 removals  
  - Installing symfony/process (v3.4.6): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing psr/log (1.0.2): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing symfony/debug (v3.4.6): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing symfony/polyfill-mbstring (v1.7.0): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing symfony/console (v3.4.6): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing guzzlehttp/promises (v1.3.1): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing psr/http-message (1.0.1): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing guzzlehttp/psr7 (1.4.2): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing guzzlehttp/guzzle (6.3.0): Downloading (100%)         
  - Installing laravel/installer (v1.3.4): Downloading (100%)         
symfony/console suggests installing symfony/event-dispatcher ()  
symfony/console suggests installing symfony/lock ()  
Writing lock file  
Generating autoload files  

Once installation is completed you can create a new app using following command.

$laravel new firstapp

While creating an app, I got following error.

$laravel new firstapp
In NewCommand.php line 42:
  The Zip PHP extension is not installed. Please install it and try again.  

new [--dev] [--5.2] [--] [<name>]  

To get rid of this error, you need to install php7.0. You can install it using following command.

$sudo apt-get install php7.0-zip 

Once php7.0 is installed, previous error got resolved but I got another error

$ laravel new firstapp
Crafting application...  
Loading composer repositories with package information  
Installing dependencies (including require-dev) from lock file  
Your requirements could not be resolved to an installable set of packages.

  Problem 1
    - This package requires php ^7.1.3 but your PHP version (7.0.25) does not satisfy that requirement.

checking current version

l$ php -v  
PHP 7.0.25-0ubuntu0.16.04.1 (cli) ( NTS )  
Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group  
Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies  
    with Zend OPcache v7.0.25-0ubuntu0.16.04.1, Copyright (c) 1999-2017, by Zend Technologies

To resolve this error, install php7.0-zip.

laravel new firstapp

In NewCommand.php line 42:

  The Zip PHP extension is not installed. Please install it and try again.  

new [--dev] [--5.2] [--] [<name>]  
sudo apt-get install php7.0-zip  

After installation of php7.0-zip, I received another error.

laravel new firstapp  
Crafting application...  
Loading composer repositories with package information  
Installing dependencies (including require-dev) from lock file  
Your requirements could not be resolved to an installable set of packages.

  Problem 1
    - Installation request for erusev/parsedown 1.7.1 -> satisfiable by erusev/parsedown[1.7.1].
    - erusev/parsedown 1.7.1 requires ext-mbstring * -> the requested PHP extension mbstring is missing from your system.
  Problem 2
    - Installation request for laravel/framework v5.6.9 -> satisfiable by laravel/framework[v5.6.9].
    - laravel/framework v5.6.9 requires ext-mbstring * -> the requested PHP extension mbstring is missing from your system.
  Problem 3
    - Installation request for phar-io/manifest 1.0.1 -> satisfiable by phar-io/manifest[1.0.1].
    - phar-io/manifest 1.0.1 requires ext-dom * -> the requested PHP extension dom is missing from your system.
  Problem 4
    - Installation request for phpunit/php-code-coverage 6.0.1 -> satisfiable by phpunit/php-code-coverage[6.0.1].
    - phpunit/php-code-coverage 6.0.1 requires ext-dom * -> the requested PHP extension dom is missing from your system.
  Problem 5
    - Installation request for phpunit/phpunit 7.0.2 -> satisfiable by phpunit/phpunit[7.0.2].
    - phpunit/phpunit 7.0.2 requires ext-dom * -> the requested PHP extension dom is missing from your system.
  Problem 6
    - Installation request for theseer/tokenizer 1.1.0 -> satisfiable by theseer/tokenizer[1.1.0].
    - theseer/tokenizer 1.1.0 requires ext-dom * -> the requested PHP extension dom is missing from your system.
  Problem 7
    - laravel/framework v5.6.9 requires ext-mbstring * -> the requested PHP extension mbstring is missing from your system.
    - laravel/tinker v1.0.4 requires illuminate/console ~5.1 -> satisfiable by laravel/framework[v5.6.9].
    - Installation request for laravel/tinker v1.0.4 -> satisfiable by laravel/tinker[v1.0.4].

To get ride of latest errors, you can install following two packages.

$sudo apt-get install php-mbstring 
$sudo apt-get install php-xml

After installation of above two packages I got another errors.

Generating optimized autoload files  
> @php -r "file_exists('.env') || copy('.env.example', '.env');"

  Script "post-install-cmd" is not defined in this package

To resolve this new error, run following command.

$composer global update

after running this command, run create application command again.

laravel new firstapp  
Crafting application...  
Loading composer repositories with package information  
Installing dependencies (including require-dev) from lock file  
Package operations: 70 installs, 0 updates, 0 removals  
  - Installing doctrine/inflector (v1.3.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing doctrine/lexer (v1.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing dragonmantank/cron-expression (v2.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing erusev/parsedown (1.7.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing vlucas/phpdotenv (v2.4.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/css-selector (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing tijsverkoyen/css-to-inline-styles (2.2.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/polyfill-php72 (v1.7.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/polyfill-mbstring (v1.7.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/var-dumper (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/routing (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/process (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/http-foundation (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/event-dispatcher (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing psr/log (1.0.2): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/debug (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/http-kernel (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/finder (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/console (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing egulias/email-validator (2.1.3): Loading from cache
  - Installing swiftmailer/swiftmailer (v6.0.2): Loading from cache
  - Installing paragonie/random_compat (v2.0.11): Loading from cache
  - Installing ramsey/uuid (3.7.3): Loading from cache
  - Installing psr/simple-cache (1.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing psr/container (1.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing symfony/translation (v4.0.6): Loading from cache
  - Installing nesbot/carbon (1.23.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing monolog/monolog (1.23.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing league/flysystem (1.0.43): Loading from cache
  - Installing laravel/framework (v5.6.9): Loading from cache
  - Installing fideloper/proxy (4.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing jakub-onderka/php-console-color (0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing nikic/php-parser (v3.1.5): Loading from cache
  - Installing jakub-onderka/php-console-highlighter (v0.3.2): Loading from cache
  - Installing dnoegel/php-xdg-base-dir (0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing psy/psysh (v0.8.17): Loading from cache
  - Installing laravel/tinker (v1.0.4): Loading from cache
  - Installing fzaninotto/faker (v1.7.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing hamcrest/hamcrest-php (v2.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing mockery/mockery (1.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing filp/whoops (2.1.14): Loading from cache
  - Installing nunomaduro/collision (v2.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing webmozart/assert (1.3.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpdocumentor/reflection-common (1.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpdocumentor/type-resolver (0.4.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpdocumentor/reflection-docblock (4.3.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-token-stream (3.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/version (2.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/resource-operations (1.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/recursion-context (3.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/object-reflector (1.1.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/object-enumerator (3.0.3): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/global-state (2.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/exporter (3.1.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/environment (3.1.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/diff (3.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/comparator (2.1.3): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-text-template (1.2.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing doctrine/instantiator (1.1.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/phpunit-mock-objects (6.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-timer (2.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-file-iterator (1.4.5): Loading from cache
  - Installing theseer/tokenizer (1.1.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/code-unit-reverse-lookup (1.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-code-coverage (6.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpspec/prophecy (1.7.5): Loading from cache
  - Installing phar-io/version (1.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phar-io/manifest (1.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing myclabs/deep-copy (1.7.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/phpunit (7.0.2): Loading from cache
symfony/var-dumper suggests installing ext-intl (To show region name in time zone dump)  
symfony/routing suggests installing doctrine/annotations (For using the annotation loader)  
symfony/routing suggests installing symfony/config (For using the all-in-one router or any loader)  
symfony/routing suggests installing symfony/dependency-injection (For loading routes from a service)  
symfony/routing suggests installing symfony/expression-language (For using expression matching)  
symfony/routing suggests installing symfony/yaml (For using the YAML loader)  
symfony/event-dispatcher suggests installing symfony/dependency-injection ()  
symfony/http-kernel suggests installing symfony/browser-kit ()  
symfony/http-kernel suggests installing symfony/config ()  
symfony/http-kernel suggests installing symfony/dependency-injection ()  
symfony/console suggests installing symfony/lock ()  
egulias/email-validator suggests installing ext-intl (PHP Internationalization Libraries are required to use the SpoofChecking validation)  
paragonie/random_compat suggests installing ext-libsodium (Provides a modern crypto API that can be used to generate random bytes.)  
ramsey/uuid suggests installing ext-libsodium (Provides the PECL libsodium extension for use with the SodiumRandomGenerator)  
ramsey/uuid suggests installing ext-uuid (Provides the PECL UUID extension for use with the PeclUuidTimeGenerator and PeclUuidRandomGenerator)  
ramsey/uuid suggests installing ircmaxell/random-lib (Provides RandomLib for use with the RandomLibAdapter)  
ramsey/uuid suggests installing moontoast/math (Provides support for converting UUID to 128-bit integer (in string form).)  
ramsey/uuid suggests installing ramsey/uuid-console (A console application for generating UUIDs with ramsey/uuid)  
ramsey/uuid suggests installing ramsey/uuid-doctrine (Allows the use of RamseyUuidUuid as Doctrine field type.)  
symfony/translation suggests installing symfony/config ()  
symfony/translation suggests installing symfony/yaml ()  
monolog/monolog suggests installing aws/aws-sdk-php (Allow sending log messages to AWS services like DynamoDB)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing doctrine/couchdb (Allow sending log messages to a CouchDB server)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing ext-amqp (Allow sending log messages to an AMQP server (1.0+ required))  
monolog/monolog suggests installing ext-mongo (Allow sending log messages to a MongoDB server)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing graylog2/gelf-php (Allow sending log messages to a GrayLog2 server)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing mongodb/mongodb (Allow sending log messages to a MongoDB server via PHP Driver)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing php-amqplib/php-amqplib (Allow sending log messages to an AMQP server using php-amqplib)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing php-console/php-console (Allow sending log messages to Google Chrome)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing rollbar/rollbar (Allow sending log messages to Rollbar)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing ruflin/elastica (Allow sending log messages to an Elastic Search server)  
monolog/monolog suggests installing sentry/sentry (Allow sending log messages to a Sentry server)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-aws-s3-v2 (Allows you to use S3 storage with AWS SDK v2)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-aws-s3-v3 (Allows you to use S3 storage with AWS SDK v3)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-azure (Allows you to use Windows Azure Blob storage)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-cached-adapter (Flysystem adapter decorator for metadata caching)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-eventable-filesystem (Allows you to use EventableFilesystem)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-rackspace (Allows you to use Rackspace Cloud Files)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-sftp (Allows you to use SFTP server storage via phpseclib)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-webdav (Allows you to use WebDAV storage)  
league/flysystem suggests installing league/flysystem-ziparchive (Allows you to use ZipArchive adapter)  
league/flysystem suggests installing spatie/flysystem-dropbox (Allows you to use Dropbox storage)  
league/flysystem suggests installing srmklive/flysystem-dropbox-v2 (Allows you to use Dropbox storage for PHP 5 applications)  
laravel/framework suggests installing aws/aws-sdk-php (Required to use the SQS queue driver and SES mail driver (~3.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing doctrine/dbal (Required to rename columns and drop SQLite columns (~2.6).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing guzzlehttp/guzzle (Required to use the Mailgun and Mandrill mail drivers and the ping methods on schedules (~6.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing league/flysystem-aws-s3-v3 (Required to use the Flysystem S3 driver (~1.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing league/flysystem-cached-adapter (Required to use Flysystem caching (~1.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing league/flysystem-rackspace (Required to use the Flysystem Rackspace driver (~1.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing league/flysystem-sftp (Required to use the Flysystem SFTP driver (~1.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing nexmo/client (Required to use the Nexmo transport (~1.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing pda/pheanstalk (Required to use the beanstalk queue driver (~3.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing predis/predis (Required to use the redis cache and queue drivers (~1.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing pusher/pusher-php-server (Required to use the Pusher broadcast driver (~3.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing symfony/dom-crawler (Required to use most of the crawler integration testing tools (~4.0).)  
laravel/framework suggests installing symfony/psr-http-message-bridge (Required to psr7 bridging features (~1.0).)  
psy/psysh suggests installing ext-pdo-sqlite (The doc command requires SQLite to work.)  
psy/psysh suggests installing hoa/console (A pure PHP readline implementation. You'll want this if your PHP install doesn't already support readline or libedit.)  
filp/whoops suggests installing whoops/soap (Formats errors as SOAP responses)  
sebastian/global-state suggests installing ext-uopz (*)  
phpunit/phpunit-mock-objects suggests installing ext-soap (*)  
phpunit/php-code-coverage suggests installing ext-xdebug (^2.6.0)  
phpunit/phpunit suggests installing ext-xdebug (*)  
phpunit/phpunit suggests installing phpunit/php-invoker (^2.0)  
Generating optimized autoload files  
> @php -r "file_exists('.env') || copy('.env.example', '.env');"
> @php artisan key:generate
Application key [base64:gsajasdasjhasdjkkjdash=] set successfully.  
> IlluminateFoundationComposerScripts::postAutoloadDump
> @php artisan package:discover
Discovered Package: fideloper/proxy  
Discovered Package: laravel/tinker  
Discovered Package: nunomaduro/collision  
Package manifest generated successfully.  
Application ready! Build something amazing.  

And there you go. You can see, application is ready statement. You can start the application using following command.

$ php artisan serve
Laravel development server started: <>  
[Thu Mar  8 23:29:29 2018] [200]: /favicon.ico

Once done, visit to access the application.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *